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Back Blood, Heart and Circulation Congenital Heart Defects

Congenital Heart Defects

Pulse Oximetry Screening for Critical Congenital Heart Defects

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In the US, about 4,800 (or 11.6 per 10,000) babies born each year have one of seven critical congenital heart defects (CCHDs)1. Learn more about how pulse oximetry screening potentially can identify these babies soon after birth. What are critical congenital heart defects?

The seven defects classified as critical congenital heart defects (CCHDs) are hypoplastic left heart syndrome, pulmonary atresia (with intact septum), tetralogy of Fallot, total anomalous pulmonary venous return,...

In the US, about 4,800 (or 11.6 per 10,000) babies born each year have one of seven critical congenital heart defects (CCHDs)1. Learn more about how pulse oximetry screening potentially can identify these babies soon after birth. What are critical...

Anomalous Coronary Artery (ACA)

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What is an anomalous coronary artery (ACA)?

An anomalous coronary artery (ACA) is a coronary artery that has an abnormality or malformation. The malformation is congenital (present at birth) and is most often related to the origin or location of the coronary artery. However, there may be other defective areas in the coronary artery. Likewise, it may affect the overall size and shape of the affected coronary artery or arteries. ACA may also occur along with other congenital heart...

Factors Contributing to Congenital Heart Disease

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What causes congenital heart disease?

A congenital heart defect (CHD) is a heart problem which is present at birth, caused by improper development of the heart during fetal development. In the majority of the instances when a baby is born with congenital heart disease, there is no known reason for the heart to have formed improperly. Scientists know that some types of congenital heart defects can be related to an abnormality of an infant's chromosomes (5 to 6 percent), single gene defects (3...

Living with a Congenital Heart Defect

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As medical care and treatment have advanced, infants and children with a congenital heart defect are living longer and healthier lives. Many now are living into adulthood.

All adults living with a heart defect and parents of children with a heart defect should talk with a heart doctor (cardiologist) regularly throughout their lives about treatments, medicines, and the ongoing and long-term care for their specific condition. This is important to make the best possible choices for...

Eisenmenger's Syndrome

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What is Eisenmenger’s syndrome?

Eisenmenger’s syndrome is a condition that includes a collection of symptoms: cyanosis (pale blue or grayish skin due to decreased oxygen in the blood), pulmonary hypertension (high blood pressure in the blood vessels of the lungs), and erythrocytosis (increased number of red blood cells in the blood due to decreased oxygen in the blood).

Eisenmenger’s syndrome primarily affects adolescents and adults with certain congenital heart defects that are...